In this article, I will be showing you how to solve the LeetCode Reverse Linked List problem using JavaScript. I'll explain each step of developing a solution to help you improve your problem solving skills.

Lets get right into it

## The Problem

The question is asking us to reverse a linked list. Fairly simple right?

The structure of a list node from LeetCode is as follows:

```
/**
* Definition for singly-linked list.
* function ListNode(val, next) {
* this.val = (val===undefined ? 0 : val)
* this.next = (next===undefined ? null : next)
* }
*/
/**
* @param {ListNode} head
* @return {ListNode}
*/
```

So the function takes in one parameter - head, and then returns a new List Node with the linked list reversed.

## The Solution

To start off, we will need two variables. One variable will be for storing the current list item we are on - lets call this `current`

. The initial value will be the `head`

since we will loop through the list starting with `head`

.

The second variable will be used for storing the previous list node which will allow us to reverse the list - lets call this `prev`

. The initial value for `prev`

will be null since at the start there will be no previous node.

At this point, after declaring these variables our solution looks like this:

```
var reverseList = function(head) {
let current = head;
let prev = null;
};
```

Using

`let`

to define these variables is important since we will need to reassign them later on.

Next, we will use a `while`

loop with the condition set to `current`

so that it stops when there is no `current`

value, meaning we are at the end of the list.

Establish the `while`

loop:

```
var reverseList = function(head) {
let current = head;
let prev = null;
while (current) {
}
};
```

Within this loop, we are gonna reverse each node by setting the current node's `next`

equal to `prev`

, the previous node, and changing the `current`

node to the original next value. This may sound confusing, the code makes it look more clear:

```
var reverseList = function(head) {
let current = head;
let prev = null;
while (current) {
let hold = current.next; // Hold original next value
current.next = prev; // Set the next value to the previous which reverses the list
prev = current; // Move previous value to current value (move through list)
current = hold; // Set current node to original next value
}
};
```

We have now reversed the list so to complete our solution, we just have to return the `prev`

value:

```
var reverseList = function(head) {
let current = head;
let prev = null;
while (current) {
let hold = current.next; // Hold original next value
current.next = prev; // Set the next value to the previous which reverses the list
prev = current; // Move previous value to current value (move through list)
current = hold; // Set current node to original next value
}
return prev
};
```

The reason why we are return `prev`

and not `current`

is because when we reach the end of the list, the `current`

node will be set to `null`

since the `next`

of the last node will equal `null`

. We don't want to return null but rather the `head`

of our new, reversed list. Hence, we return `prev`

.

## Take Away

You've now learned how to reverse a linked list using the JavaScript programming language. Its a fairly simple solution that efficiently reverses the linked list.

š Thanks for reading this article!

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